Jan, 10, 2022
In this article, Kameymall will introduce the development of gymnastics.
In the spring of 1969, 14 Han tombs were sorted and excavated on the south slope of the shadowless mountain in the northern suburb of Jinan, Shandong Province. Among the unearthed cultural relics, a plate of music, dance, and acrobatic pottery figurines of the Western Han Dynasty was found. Four of the terracotta figures are performing gymnastics, two of them are doing handstands symmetrically and two are doing bows. Moreover, in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Hua Tuo developed "Wuqinxi" inspired by animals. Although it was designed for the purpose of strengthening health, its beautiful movements can already see the clue of gymnastics.
After the Tang and Song Dynasties, gymnastics developed further, with the emergence of double and collective movements, and many complex somersaults were combined with acrobatic performances.
Modern gymnastics originated in the 18th and 19th centuries. At that time, gymnastics schools such as Germany, Sweden, and Denmark appeared in Europe, which not only promoted the further development of gymnastics but also laid the foundation for the formation of modern gymnastics.
The 1952 Helsinki Olympic games listed gymnastics as an official event.
Modern gymnastics was introduced into China after the Opium War in 1840. At that time, gymnastics was very backward and there were no mass gymnastics activities. At the end of the late Qing Dynasty, gymnastics was set up in the "foreign school", in the schools reformed and developed by the reformists, and in the educational curriculum standards of the bourgeois reform during the democratic revolution. As an urgent requirement for the all-round development of human rights in education and the national salvation and development, it can be said to be the predecessor of physical education in the 21st century. However, for decades, only the third National Games in 1924 held a national gymnastics performance with incomplete items. Gymnastics has experienced a period of development and improvement as a special sports competition activity, especially as competitive gymnastics. Taking the records of Olympic gymnastics as an example, the first Athens Olympic Games in 1896 set up pommel horse, rings, vault, parallel bar, and horizontal bar events, as well as rope climbing. But there is no floor exercise and only men's gymnastics. Air track is essential for training gymnastics. It can effectively prevent you from getting hurt.
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